Commonly used calculation methods for international express freight
In the process of foreign trade transactions, goods or documents are often transported by international express delivery. Because this international express delivery is transnational, the calculation method of freight is different from the calculation of ordinary domestic freight. Below, directfactorydeals.com will give you a detailed introduction to the calculation method of international express freight commonly used in foreign trade.
1. Billing weight unit:
The international courier industry generally takes every 0.5KG (0.5kg) as a billing weight unit.
2. First weight and continued weight:
The delivery of the express delivery goods takes the first 0.5KG as the first weight (or lifting), and each additional 0.5KG is a continuous weight. The cost of lifting is usually higher than the cost of continuing.
3. Actual weight and volume:
Refers to the actual total weight of a batch of items, including packaging, that needs to be transported, called real weight.
When the volume of items to be delivered is large and the actual weight is light, due to the carrying capacity of the transportation means (aircraft, train, ship, car, etc.) and the volume of the items that can be loaded, the method of taking the volume of the item and converting it into weight is used as The weight of the calculated freight is called the volume weight or volume.
Articles with a volume weight greater than the actual weight are often referred to as light parabolic/light foam.
4. Chargeable Weight:
According to the definition of both real weight and volume and the provisions of the International Air Cargo Association, the weight of freight collected during the transportation of goods is calculated based on the higher of the actual weight and volume weight of the entire batch of cargo.
5. Packaging fee:
In general, international express companies provide free packaging and provide packaging materials such as cartons and bubbles. However, many items such as clothing do not need to be packed in very fine packaging, but some are expensive and fragile.
Items, courier companies still have to charge a certain packaging fee. Packaging costs are generally not included in the discount.
6. General freight calculation formula:
1) When the items to be delivered are actually larger than the volume, the freight calculation method is:
The first heavy freight + (weight (kg) × 2-1) × continued heavy freight
For example: 8KG goods are calculated based on the first weight of 20 yuan and the continued weight of 9 yuan, then the total freight is:
2) When the actual weight of the items to be delivered is small and the volume is large, the freight must be collected according to the volume standard, and then the total freight should be calculated according to the formula above. The formula for obtaining volume is as follows:
Regular items: length (cm) × width (cm) × height (cm) ÷ 5000 = weight (KG)
Irregular items: the longest (cm) × the widest (cm) × the highest (cm) ÷ 5000 = weight (KG)
3) International express will also add fuel surcharge
For example, the fuel surcharge of DHL Express at this time is 16%, and you need to add to the result of formula (A): freight × 16% fuel surcharge will generally be discounted together with the freight
7. Total cost:
From the above: total cost = (shipping + fuel surcharge) × discount + packaging costs + other uncertain costs